Printing methods(offset, Gravure, Relief, silkscreen, flexo, Pad printing,digital printing)

1. Offset: is a commonly used printing technique in which the inked image is transferred (or "offset") from a plate to a rubber blanket, then to the printing surface. Machine brand has Heidelberg, KBA,Roland,Komori, Bestech and Mitsubishi.


2. Gravure: is an intaglio printing technique, where the image being printed is made up of small depressions in the surface of the printing plate, mainly prints bank note, stamp, bond, security and cigarette pack.


3. Relief: in which the printing areas are on a plane surface and the non printing areas are below the surface, examples: flexography and letterpress, It’s the oldest printing method, mainly prints newspaper, books and magazine.


4. Silkscreen: a screen is made of a piece of mesh stretched over a frame, the screen is placed atop a substrate. Ink is placed on top of the screen, and a flood bar is used to push the ink through the holes in the mesh.


5. Flexo: a type of relief printing, the relief plates are typically made from photopolymers. The process is used for flexible packaging, corrugated board, labels, newspapers and more. 


6. Pad printing: a printing process that can transfer a 2-D image onto a 3-D object. used for printing on otherwise difficult to print on products in many industries including medical, automotive, promotional, apparel, and electronic objects, as well as appliances, sports equipment and toys.


7. Digital printing: refers to methods of printing from a digital-based image directly to a variety of media. It usually refers to professional printing where small-run jobs from desktop publishing and other digital sources are printed using large-format and/or high-volume laser or inkjet printers. 


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